The App has now been updated to include 171 varieties and, as well as the iPhone version, it's now available from the ANDROID MARKETPLACE for phones from HTC, Motorola, Samsung, SonyEricsson, LG, & Acer.
Ever embarrassed by an endless wine list, by too many grape varieties or styles? And how to pronounce them?
“Grapes 101” is an iPhone App with 166 unique grape varieties used in Australian wine. What are the differences between Chardonnay, Pinot Gris or Pinot Grigio? Where do they come from?
Discover the different tastes of Sangiovese (SAHN-joe-VAY-zay) and Sagrantino (SAH-grahn-TEE-noh), and know how to say them! We may be over the ABC “Anything But Chardonnay” phenomenon but, as Australia is also “A Big Country” threatened by climate change, there has been an explosion of new varieties.
“Grapes 101” lists varieties from Aleatico-Zweigeltrebe under their 190 most commonly used names in Australia, and cross-indexes each by country of origin. Discover the 11 varieties that are uniquely Australian.
Is it red or white? Each variety is cross-indexed if it makes one or more of sparkling, dry white, red, rose, dessert wine, fortified and/or cask wine!
Learn how many vineyards have each variety planted Shiraz tops the list with an incredible 2,580 and iconic regional examples are provided for each variety. This draws on the VineFinders database of 5,400 vineyards, wineries and cellar doors researched over 8 years of travelling and tasting in 85 Australian wine regions.
Author Dick Friend writes amusing descriptions of members of the great family of wines how they develop, mature, taste and indeed breed! tantalising and teasing while educating his readers.
“Grapes 101” is an easy-to-navigate guide to the wine world which, when downloaded from the App Store to your phone, is knowledge at your fingertips.
Software development and production was undertaken by XVT Solutions.
For further information:
Dick Friend - m 0419 503 198
These 165 distinct grape varieties are recorded n the VineFinders dbs, with details of where they are grown, and by whom! For any one region, you can select a variety in our DYNAMIC MAPPING SEARCH APPLICATION to see where it's grown. A further 60 varieties have been introduced at one time or another, but we haven’t found commercial plantings for them if you know they exist, we’d like to know!
WHAT VARIETIES ARE PLANTED IN AUSTRALIA?
These 165 distinct grape varieties…
1893, Aglianico, Aleatico, Alicante, Aligote, Alvarelhao, Aranel, Arneis, Assyrtiko, Aucerot, Baco Noir, Barbera, Bastardo, Biancone, Blanquette, Brachetto, Burger, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sanzey, Cabernet Sauvignon, Canada Muscat, Cannon Hall Muscat, Cardinal, Carignan, Carina, Carmenere, Carnelian, Cascade, Caverdella, Chambourcin, Chanel Paradisa, Chardonnay, Chasselas, Chenin Blanc, Cienna, Ciliegiolo, Cinsaut, Colombard, Concord, Cortese, Corvina, Counoise, Crouchen, Cygne Blanc, Dolcetto, Doradillo, Dornfelder, Durif, Ehrenfelser, Fiano, Flora, Fragola, Furmint, Gamay, Garganega, Gewurztraminer, Godello, Gouais, Graciano, Grecanico, Greco di Tufo, Grenache, Gruner Veltliner, Harslevelu, Italia, Jacquez, Kerner, Kyoho, Lagrein, Lambrusco, Lemberger, Maccabeo, Madeleine Angevine, Malbec, Malian, Malvasia, Malvasia d'Istriana, Mammolo, Marsanne, Marzemino, Mataro, Mavrodaphne, Melon, Merlot, Meslier, Meunier, Mondeuse, Montepulciano, Moscato Giallo, Muller Thurgau, Muscadelle, Muscat Blanc a Petits Grains, Muscat Gordo Blanco, Nebbiolo, Negro Amaro, Nero d'Avola, Ondenc, Orange Muscat, Palomino, Pedro Ximenes, Petit Manseng, Petit Verdot, Picolit, Picpoul, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Pinot Noir, Pinotage, Prosecco, Refosco, Regent, Riesling, Rkaziteli, Rondinella, Roter Veltliner, Rousanne, Rubired, Ruby Cabernet, Sagrantino, Saint Macaire, Sangiovese, Saperavi, Sauvignon Blanc, Savagnin, Scheurebe, Schioppettino, Schonburger, Semillon, Shalistin, Shiraz, Siegerrebe, Sirius, Souzao, Sultana, Sylvaner, Syrian, Taminga, Tannat, Tarrango, Tempranillo, Teroldego, Terret Noir, Tinta Amarela, Tinta Barroca, Tinta Cao, Tinta Mole, Tocai Friulano, Torrontes, Touriga Francesa, Touriga Nacional, Trebbiano, Trollinger, Tyrian, Verdejo, Verdelho, Verduzzo, Vermentino, Villard Blanc, Viognier, Waltham Cross, Zante Currant, Zinfandel.
Varieties go under a bewildering range of names, often the result of different names used in different parts of the world. DNA testing is improving the science of ampelography (= vine identification) which previously relied on identifying characteristics such as leaf shape, berry size and colour, bunch conformation, ripening times, etc etc.
SAVAGNIN, and what we thought was ALBARINO
the grape variety in the news!
Ampelographers are having a field day, or rather are needing to have many days in the field using their scientific expertise to sort out this dilemma! In 1989 CSIRO imported a variety from the Spanish National Grapevine Collection which, they were told, was Albarino. DNA testing early this year confirmed recent suspicions that those imports were in fact Savagnin, although there may be clonal variations or slight mutations from other expressions of Savagnin. Wines made in Australia from this variety were being well-received, and "Albarino" was being promoted as a successful emerging variety. While Savagnin enjoys a lower status overseas, its success here while masquerading as Albarino will ensure its future, once we get over the confusion and the necessary re-labelling.
VineFinders is updating its database as the DNA testing results of the small number of "albarino" plantings of various producers becomes available. Below is our extract on the variety...
|aka:||Sauvignon du Jura, Savagnin Blanc, Traminer|
|Example planting:||Sons & Brothers (Orange, NSW), Damien Tscharke (Barossa, SA)
|Food matches:||Prawns on the barbie|
|Description:||A cousin of Viognier, Savagnin was first cultivated in the Jura region of Eastern France around 300 to 400 AD. Savagnin produces small berries with very thick skins and lots of extract and tannins. Although essentially a white variety it can develop varying amounts of skin colour including strong red pigments in fruit grown under cool climatic conditions on acidic soils. Late harvested Savagnin is famous for its ability to make long lived wines of great complexity. Savagnin cuttings were collected in 1831 at the Montpellier Gardens in France by James Busby. Labelled ‘Sauvignon du Jura’ by Busby, they were later re-labelled in Australia using the correct spelling Savagnin (of the Jura). Not widely distributed, cuttings from George Wyndham at ‘Dalwood’ in the Hunter went to several vineyards at Inverell between 1840 and 1880 and to the ‘Mount Pleasant’ vineyard at Pokolbin (where it was correctly called Traminer sometime after 1920 - but the confusion with Traminer is another story!
The Savagnin vines at Sons & Brothers descend from an old 1961 Hunter planting which had itself been established from Maurice O'Shea's ‘Mount Pleasant’ cuttings. The ‘Mount Pleasant’ vines were pulled out at 106 years of age in 1986.
In appearance it's like Albarino (in Spain, some exports of "Albarino" to Australia were, in fact, Savagnin) so that CSIRO as importer and propagator, and producers such as Damien Tscharke (Barossa), have promoted Albarino as an emerging variety (when it was really Savagnin)! Regardless, Savagnin in Australia is aromatic, has a floral character and a certain minerality, and seems to do well in warm climates and in cool climates such as Tasmania's Tamar Valley.
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